There is a stir in the political parties regarding the Presidential and Vice Presidential elections. Presidential election is to be held on 18 July. For this, BJP-led NDA’s candidate Draupadi Murmu and Congress-led opposition’s candidate Yashwant Sinha are busy campaigning vigorously.
After this, that is, on August 6, the election for the post of Vice President is also to be held. The last date for enrollment in this is July 19. Means now only 10 days are left for enrollment. Talking about the equation, the situations are completely different in both the elections. In the presidential election, where the BJP needs allies as well as some of the opposition parties, in the vice-presidential election, the BJP alone is in a position to dominate everyone.
In such a situation, it is being speculated that the opposition should not field any candidate for Vice President against the BJP. Meaning BJP candidates can be elected Vice President unopposed. Let’s understand with the numbers…
Know about the first election
1. Members of both the Houses of Parliament cast their votes: The Vice-President is elected by the system of proportional representation through an electoral college consisting of members of both the Houses of Parliament. Members of both the Houses of Parliament participate in it. MLAs vote along with elected MPs in the Presidential election, but in the Vice-President’s election, only members of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha can vote.
2. Nominated MPs can also cast votes: Nominated MPs cannot vote in the Presidential election, but not in the Vice Presidential election. Such members can also vote in the Vice Presidential election. There are 12 nominated members in the Rajya Sabha. Right now three of these are vacant. However, these three seats can be filled before the Vice Presidential election.
Now know from the figures how many members will vote?
At present, the number of members in the Lok Sabha is complete. That means there are full 543 MPs. At the same time, there are a total of 245 members in the Rajya Sabha. There are 12 nominated MPs in them. At present eight seats are vacant. Of these, four were due to the dissolution of the Jammu and Kashmir Assembly, while one seat was left by Manik Saha, who became the new Chief Minister of Tripura. Seats of three other nominated members are also vacant. The government can fill the vacant seats for the nominated members before the Vice Presidential election.
In this context, the figures of Rajya Sabha voters for the Vice Presidential election come to the fore. The first is that in the current situation, 237 Rajya Sabha MPs will vote in the election. Second, 240 members can vote. 240 members will vote when three vacancies of nominated members are filled.
Now let’s look at the overall voter numbers. If 240 members of Rajya Sabha cast their votes, then the total number of voters will be 783, but if there are 237 voters of Rajya Sabha, then this figure will come down to 780.
How many votes are needed to win?
Right now, according to the number of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha MPs, two numbers of voters are coming out. A total of 783 votes can be cast in the first circumstance. In such a situation, the candidate would need 393 first preference votes to win. In the second case, if 780 votes are cast, the candidate needs 391 first preference votes to win.
Know how strong the BJP is in the next three points?
1. BJP’s Own Figures Sufficient:
At present, the BJP has 303 members in the Lok Sabha, while the Rajya Sabha has 91. Apart from these 91 in Rajya Sabha, five nominated members can also vote for BJP. In this way, the present time BJP easily gets 394 votes. If you add the votes of five nominated members, then this number is becoming 399. It is clear that BJP can easily win the Vice Presidential candidate on its own strength.
2. Will make allies stronger: If allies are also included in this, the BJP will become stronger. At present, the BJP has the support of 31 MPs in the Lok Sabha and 16 in the Rajya Sabha. These include parties like JDU, RPI, Lok Jan Shakti Party, Apna Dal, AIADMK, NPP. By adding their votes, BJP gets 446 votes.
3. Many opposition parties can also get along: Some more parties like BJD, YSR Congress, BSP, Shiromani Akali Dal have supported the NDA candidate in the presidential election. If these parties support NDA candidate in Vice Presidential election also the figure will be bigger.
BJD currently has 21 members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, YSR Congress has 31, BSP has 11, Shiromani Akali Dal has two members. If the votes of all these are added up, the BJP’s figure will cross 500. BJP candidate can get 511 votes in the election. Meaning the BJP candidate will get more votes than the 393 or 391 votes set for victory.