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Iran’s application for membership in the five-nation grouping of BRICS has created a stir in the BRICS-nations as well as in international diplomacy. Although the Latin American country Argentina has also applied for BRICS membership. However, curiosity and apprehensions are being expressed about Iran itself. The reason is that relations between America and Iran have been bad for many decades and they do not like the closeness of those countries with Iran, which are important to them.
It is also looking at the possible entry of Iran into BRICS as a maneuver by China. It is not a hide-and-seek thing anyway that China is constantly trying to tease and beat America. In order to strengthen the anti-US network, Beijing is trying to get Iran to enter BRICS. The invitation to the President of Iran, Ibrahim Raisi, to the 14th BRICS summit on 23-24 June, testifies to this.
Ibrahim Raisi did not miss the opportunity and addressed the conference and gave his views on the corona-tragedy, climate change and global peace. He emphasized the importance of dialogue between nations and urged not to feed the Cold War mentality. The importance of BRICS in global economy and diplomacy is not hidden from the White House. BRICS countries account for 40 percent of the world’s population and account for about 30 percent of the world’s gross product.
The three member states of BRICS—India, China and Russia—are nuclear-armed. And their unity can change any economic, diplomatic and strategic balance. Significantly, the economy of China is worth $ 150 billion. In view of its vulture vision on Taiwan and some islands of the Pacific Ocean, it is natural for America to get stressed by the efforts of Iran, Malaysia and Turkey etc. to achieve its near and far-reaching goals from Russia.
In the Fourteenth Conference of BRICS, Chinese President Xi Jinping did not take the name of NATO or Quad, but did take a jibe at them. It is noteworthy that India is a member of the Quad and its allies are the US, Japan and Australia. China’s indirect intention is to bring Iran and Argentina into BRICS and set a global pawn against the US. BRICS is the nascent organization in the line of global organizations.
Its first meeting was held in Yekatering Berg in Russia on June 16, 2010, but its concept was presented by Jim O’Neill in his research paper in the year 2001. Its founding nations are: India, China, Russia and Brazil. The combination of proto-Roman letters from Brazil, Russia, India and China called this group BRIC. Later, after the entry of South Africa, BRIC was transformed into BRICS. The increase in the number of members of the world’s economic or strategic groups is not new. The initial members of NATO were 12 countries, formed in 1949 for the purpose of preventing Soviet influence.
Now this number is increasing two and a half times to thirty. As far as BRICS is concerned, membership is decided by the member states through mutual consultations. It is certain that the US will not like Iran’s admission in BRICS. This will not only create sourness in mutual relations, the White House will see it as an anti-American move. Diplomacy is like walking on a stretched rope. In such a situation, it will be interesting to see and test how India maintains non-aligned and neutral diplomacy. There is no longer any need for speculation about Iran’s desperation, as Iran’s spokesman Saeed Khatib Zadeh has confirmed membership in BRICS.