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The US space agency NASA has some such instruments from which the Sun can be seen directly. One such special instrument in space has captured a picture of a partial solar eclipse when the Moon was passing close to the Sun.
NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) monitors the Sun 24 hours a day. On June 29, when the Moon came between the Observatory and the Sun. Then the SDO had captured its picture. During that time, at the peak of the eclipse, the Moon covered 67 percent of the Sun.
According to NASA, this eclipse will be visible from Earth on October 25, which will be visible from most of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and western parts of Asia. SDO was launched in February 2010. It is a project of the US Space Agency and its partners.
A coronal mass ejection (CME) was also included in the explosion that SDO captured in the Sun. Coronal mass ejections are large clouds of solar plasma. After a solar explosion, these clouds spread out into the Sun’s magnetic field in space. Due to their rotation in space, they expand and often reach a distance of several million miles.
SDO is studying how solar activity creates and drives space weather, such as how CMEAs can generate solar storms on Earth. The Sun is still three years away from the activity of this solar cycle, expected to occur in July 2025.
Photos of the Sun have been taken for a decade
According to the space agency, its Solar Dynamics Observatory continuously captured the Sun in its camera for a whole decade. During this observatory gathered many important information. The agency says the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) instrument alone is capable of capturing photographs every 12 seconds at 10 different wavelengths of light. Thus it generates a high amount of data.
SDO collided with the magnetic field of the planets
Sometimes they collide with the magnetic field of the planets. When their direction is towards the Earth, they can cause geomagnetic disturbances. Due to these, there may be a short circuit in the satellite and the power grid may be affected. If their effect is high, they can also put the astronauts in Earth’s orbit at risk.
The outer layer of the Sun has also been captured
Recently some such pictures were taken with this instrument, which show the outermost atmospheric layer of the Sun. NASA has shown a decade of the Sun through a 61-minute video, during which time one image has been used every hour. One day in a second is shown in the video. According to NASA’s video, all these pictures are from June 2, 2010 to June 1, 2020.